Findings from a study of family functioning following divorce suggest ways in which the parents’ ongoing relationship—both as former spouse and as co-parent—may moderate the effects of divorce on their children. Level of conflict in the “spouse” role was found to be less predictive of children’s adjustment than were degree of cooperation and style of conflict resolution in the “co-parent” role.
Camara, K. A., & Resnick, G. (1989). Styles of conflict resolution and cooperation between divorced parents: Effects on child behavior and adjustment. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 59(4), 560.
Link to this article http://psycnet.apa.org/journals/ort/59/4/560/